Mexican Cardboard Art: The Ramirez Castañeda

Mexican cardboard artwork is inspired by popular Mexican imagery. Craftmanship is nourished by creativity and manual dexterity. Mexican artisanselaborate unique pieces use cardboard, paper, rods, wire, and paste, converting these materials into beautiful objects of diverse size and complexity.

One such family of artisans, the “Ramírez Castañeda” family has a creative repertoire of wide and colorful creations.

The Ramírez Castañeda family, of Xoxocotla, Morelos celebrates 25 years of cardboard artwork.In 1997, the Ramirez Castastañeda first displayed their cardboard “calacas” during a Day of the Dead exhibition.At that time, they had begun to elaborate skulls by wrapping paper with glue on a wire structure.

Today, they elaborate alebrijes, dolls of sololoy, popular characters such as chinelos, Zapatas and luchadores.

Artisans Ramirez Castaneda

They also create figures of popular mythology, such as mermaids. Currently, their most representative pieces are traditional cardboard dolls, mermaids, skulls, and little devils.

The calavera is often represented in Mexico.


The famous Remigios created by the Ramirez Castañeda deserve an honorable mention. The artisans call Remigios the small devils they create that are based on the tradition of the guardians of the land and water of their region. They are small little devils with long legs and of diverse shapes.

Remigios are small little devils with long legs and of diverse shapes.

The extraordinary work of the Ramirez Castañeda has been shown in different cultural spaces in Mexico and the United States, including presence in museums such as the Dolores Olmedo and Frida Kahlo of Mexico City.  Their work has been exhibited in The Museum of Mexican Art of Chicago, The Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology of Philadelphia and the Museum of the American Indian of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. Their pieces have been sold in important museums in the United States.

The Ramirez Castañeda have also taught workshops in many cultural and educational centers.

It is incredible to see the great contribution to a living tradition, by this family of artisans of Xoxocotla, Morelos.

Their cardboard artwork continues to evolve.